Die Monopoly-Geschichte beginnt im Jahre mit Elizabeth Magie. Erfahre mehr über die erste Monopoly Version und wie sie entstanden. All Items (20). #; A; B; C; D; E; F; G; H; I; J; K; L; M; N; O; P; Q; R; S; T; U; V; W; X; Y; Z; Other. 1. 1. F.C. Köln Edition. B. Bayern Edition. Bielefeld Edition. Borussia. Anti-Monopoly ist ein Brettspiel für zwei bis sechs Personen, das von dem US-amerikanischen Professor Ralph Anspach entwickelt wurde. Das Spiel erschien.
German EditionsMonopoly Property Cards Template New Go Jail Card – Monopoly Wiki there is A G. Die Monopoly-Geschichte beginnt im Jahre mit Elizabeth Magie. Erfahre mehr über die erste Monopoly Version und wie sie entstanden. Anti-Monopoly ist ein Brettspiel für zwei bis sechs Personen, das von dem US-amerikanischen Professor Ralph Anspach entwickelt wurde. Das Spiel erschien.
Monopoly Wiki Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoTabletop Games List of variations of the board game Monopoly. This list attempts to be as accurate as possible; dead links serve as guides for future articles. See also: Fictional Monopoly Editions List of Monopoly Games (PC) List of Monopoly Video Games - Includes hand-held electronic versions Other games based on bombsquadsf.com Edition 50th Anniversary Edition (James Bond) Collector's Edition (James. The McDonald's Monopoly game is a sales promotion run by fast food restaurant chain McDonald's, with a theme based on the Hasbro board game bombsquadsf.com game first ran in the U.S. in and has since been used worldwide. The Monopoly video games play by the same rules as the standard board game, allowing for single or multiplayer games. When a single player game is chosen, the game in question would generate computer-controlled opponents. Console and computer versions. Welcome to the Monopoly Wiki. This wiki is about the board game, Monopoly (obviously). We are hopefully just on the verge of becoming a comprehensive Monopoly Enclyclopedia and need everyone's help. Here, feel free to edit or create a new page. In the United States Monopoly Championship, one player decided to reduce his three hotels to twelve houses in order to lessen the number of houses in the bank for his opponents; After controversy, the head judge of the game outlawed the "forcing of a building shortage" tactic and ruled the player's action unacceptable.
Until recently, a combination of strong sunshine and low humidity or an extension of peat marshes was necessary for producing salt from the sea, the most plentiful source.
Changing sea levels periodically caused salt " famines " and communities were forced to depend upon those who controlled the scarce inland mines and salt springs, which were often in hostile areas e.
The Salt Commission was a legal monopoly in China. Formed in , the Commission controlled salt production and sales in order to raise tax revenue for the Tang Dynasty.
The " Gabelle " was a notoriously high tax levied upon salt in the Kingdom of France. The much-hated levy had a role in the beginning of the French Revolution , when strict legal controls specified who was allowed to sell and distribute salt.
First instituted in , the Gabelle was not permanently abolished until Robin Gollan argues in The Coalminers of New South Wales that anti-competitive practices developed in the coal industry of Australia's Newcastle as a result of the business cycle.
The monopoly was generated by formal meetings of the local management of coal companies agreeing to fix a minimum price for sale at dock. This collusion was known as "The Vend".
The Vend ended and was reformed repeatedly during the late 19th century, ending by recession in the business cycle.
During the early 20th century, as a result of comparable monopolistic practices in the Australian coastal shipping business, the Vend developed as an informal and illegal collusion between the steamship owners and the coal industry, eventually resulting in the High Court case Adelaide Steamship Co.
Ltd v. Standard Oil was an American oil producing, transporting, refining, and marketing company. Established in , it became the largest oil refiner in the world.
Rockefeller was a founder, chairman and major shareholder. The company was an innovator in the development of the business trust. The Standard Oil trust streamlined production and logistics, lowered costs, and undercut competitors.
Its controversial history as one of the world's first and largest multinational corporations ended in , when the United States Supreme Court ruled that Standard was an illegal monopoly.
The Standard Oil trust was dissolved into 33 smaller companies; two of its surviving "child" companies are ExxonMobil and the Chevron Corporation.
Steel has been accused of being a monopoly. Morgan and Elbert H. Gary founded U. Steel was the largest steel producer and largest corporation in the world.
In its first full year of operation, U. Steel made 67 percent of all the steel produced in the United States. However, U.
Steel's share of the expanding market slipped to 50 percent by ,  and antitrust prosecution that year failed. De Beers settled charges of price fixing in the diamond trade in the s.
De Beers is well known for its monopoloid practices throughout the 20th century, whereby it used its dominant position to manipulate the international diamond market.
The company used several methods to exercise this control over the market. Firstly, it convinced independent producers to join its single channel monopoly, it flooded the market with diamonds similar to those of producers who refused to join the cartel, and lastly, it purchased and stockpiled diamonds produced by other manufacturers in order to control prices through limiting supply.
In , the De Beers business model changed due to factors such as the decision by producers in Russia, Canada and Australia to distribute diamonds outside the De Beers channel, as well as rising awareness of blood diamonds that forced De Beers to "avoid the risk of bad publicity" by limiting sales to its own mined products.
A public utility or simply "utility" is an organization or company that maintains the infrastructure for a public service or provides a set of services for public consumption.
Common examples of utilities are electricity , natural gas , water , sewage , cable television , and telephone. In the United States, public utilities are often natural monopolies because the infrastructure required to produce and deliver a product such as electricity or water is very expensive to build and maintain.
Western Union was criticized as a " price gouging " monopoly in the late 19th century. In the case of Telecom New Zealand , local loop unbundling was enforced by central government.
Telkom is a semi-privatised, part state-owned South African telecommunications company. Deutsche Telekom is a former state monopoly, still partially state owned.
The Comcast Corporation is the largest mass media and communications company in the world by revenue. Comcast has a monopoly in Boston , Philadelphia , and many other small towns across the US.
The United Aircraft and Transport Corporation was an aircraft manufacturer holding company that was forced to divest itself of airlines in In the s, LIRR became the sole railroad in that area through a series of acquisitions and consolidations.
In , the LIRR's commuter rail system is the busiest commuter railroad in North America, serving nearly , passengers daily. Dutch East India Company was created as a legal trading monopoly in The Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie enjoyed huge profits from its spice monopoly through most of the 17th century.
The British East India Company was created as a legal trading monopoly in The Company traded in basic commodities, which included cotton , silk , indigo dye , salt , saltpetre , tea and opium.
Major League Baseball survived U. The National Football League survived antitrust lawsuit in the s but was convicted of being an illegal monopoly in the s.
According to professor Milton Friedman , laws against monopolies cause more harm than good, but unnecessary monopolies should be countered by removing tariffs and other regulation that upholds monopolies.
A monopoly can seldom be established within a country without overt and covert government assistance in the form of a tariff or some other device.
It is close to impossible to do so on a world scale. The De Beers diamond monopoly is the only one we know of that appears to have succeeded and even De Beers are protected by various laws against so called "illicit" diamond trade.
However, professor Steve H. Hanke believes that although private monopolies are more efficient than public ones, often by a factor of two, sometimes private natural monopolies, such as local water distribution, should be regulated not prohibited by, e.
Thomas DiLorenzo asserts, however, that during the early days of utility companies where there was little regulation, there were no natural monopolies and there was competition.
Baten , Bianchi and Moser  find historical evidence that monopolies which are protected by patent laws may have adverse effects on the creation of innovation in an economy.
They argue that under certain circumstances, compulsory licensing — which allows governments to license patents without the consent of patent-owners — may be effective in promoting invention by increasing the threat of competition in fields with low pre-existing levels of competition.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Market structure with a single firm dominating the market. This article is about the economic term. For the board game based on this concept, see Monopoly game.
For other uses, see Monopoly disambiguation. The price of monopoly is upon every occasion the highest which can be got.
Lorsqu'un joueur est en prison, il pose son pion sur la case Prison. Le joueur ne peut rester plus de trois tours en prison. Les valeurs des rues ne sont pas inscrites sur le tableau de jeu.
Selon l'argent dont on dispose, il faut donc choisir prudemment sur quelle case investir [ 5 ]. Le calcul permet alors de conclure que le quartier ayant le plus haut rendement est le quartier orange, devant le quartier jaune [ 33 ].
La monnaie est le franc suisse. En , les projets de film sont toujours en stand-by et aucun film n'est encore sorti [ 45 ]. Wikimedia Commons.
Menu de navigation Espaces de noms Article Discussion. Votre aide est la bienvenue! In , Rich Uncle Pennybags was renamed Mr. During the same year, a Monopoly Jr.
This game introduced Mr. Monopoly's niece and nephew, Sandy and Andy. Monopoly has a second nephew named Randy, although the Monopoly Companion mistakenly refers to Sandy as a boy.
Monopoly has a wife named Madge. Für Liechtenstein wurde durch die Triesner Firma Unique Gaming Partners , die auch diverse Schweizer und Österreicher Sonderausgaben herausgibt,  eine Monopoly-Ausgabe im Sinne einer Sonderausgabe erstellt, erfolgte eine entsprechende Neuauflage.
Die Reihenfolge der Städte entspricht der Einwohnerzahl in aufsteigender Folge. Die Auflage war sehr klein, und das Spiel schnell ausverkauft. Es ist nicht bekannt, ob es eine Neuauflage geben wird.
In Österreich wurde von Schowanek ein ähnliches Spiel namens Business verlegt. Ursprünglich lizenzierte Piatnik Monopoly für Österreich, seit ca.
Ab etwa brachte Carlit Monopoly in der Schweiz heraus. Zunächst im englischen Design von Waddington und ab eine direkt bei Parker Brothers lizenzierte Version.
Nach der Übernahme von Carlit durch Ravensburger wurde das Spiel noch bis ca. Das Spielmaterial der Grundversion Brett und Karten ist durchgehend bilingual deutsch und französisch.
Gallen usw. Für die sog. Aufs Brett schafften es z. Montreal als teuerste, Gdingen als günstigste von insgesamt 22 Städten. Die Firma General Mills , welche Parker Brothers inzwischen übernommen hatte, reagierte auf dieses Spiel wie zuvor auf andere dieser Art und versuchte es vom Markt zu klagen.
In einer langjährigen Auseinandersetzung setzte sich Anspach jedoch letztlich durch. Ein nahezu identisches Spiel namens Finance war bereits seit im Handel, bevor es von Parker Brothers aufgekauft wurde.
Anti-Monopoly wurde mit Es gibt mehrere von Parker lizenzierte Monopoly-Variationen unter Beibehaltung wesentlicher Merkmale.
Vor jedem neuen Spiel kann aus drei verschiedenen Schwierigkeitsstufen gewählt werden. Anything relating to Monopoly is allowed.
If you have a question or enquiry or you just need help, please ask either Sings-With-Spirits or Isabella and Lego Liker , or check out the Forum.
We are currently looking for information on specialty Monopoly sets, such as the Nintendo Edition and Star Wars Edition. If you know anything about them, please write about them.
The game was made by Winning Moves and licensed by Hasbro. Several new features are included. Three houses allows the player to make all the money they spent on the houses back and earn even more as players land on those properties.
Trading is a vital strategy in order to accumulate all the properties in a color set. Obtaining all the properties in a specific color set enables the player to buy houses and hotels which increase the rent another player has to pay when they land on the property.
According to Slate , players trade to speed up the process and secure a win. Building at least 3 houses on each property allows the player to break even once at least one player lands on this property.
One common criticism of Monopoly is that although it has carefully defined termination conditions, it may take an unlimited amount of time to reach them.
Edward P. Parker, a former president of Parker Brothers, is quoted as saying, "We always felt that forty-five minutes was about the right length for a game, but Monopoly could go on for hours.
Also, a game was supposed to have a definite end somewhere. In Monopoly you kept going around and around.
Hasbro states that the longest game of Monopoly ever played lasted 70 days. Numerous add-ons have been produced for Monopoly , sold independently from the game both before its commercialization and after, with three official ones discussed below:.
Shortly after Capitol Novelty introduced Stock Exchange , Parker Brothers bought it from them then marketed their own, slightly redesigned, version as an add-on specifically for their "new" Monopoly game; the Parker Brothers version was available in June The Free Parking square is covered over by a new Stock Exchange space and the add-on included three Chance and three Community Chest cards directing the player to "Advance to Stock Exchange".
The Stock Exchange add-on was later redesigned and re-released in under license by Chessex , this time including a larger number of new Chance and Community Chest cards.
Many of the original rules applied to this new version in fact, one optional play choice allows for playing in the original form by only adding the "Advance to Stock Exchange" cards to each deck.
This was a full edition, not just an add-on, that came with its own board, money and playing pieces.
Properties on the board were replaced by companies on which shares could be floated, and offices and home offices instead of houses and hotels could be built.
Playmaster, another official add-on, released in , is an electronic device that keeps track of all player movement and dice rolls as well as what properties are still available.
It then uses this information to call random auctions and mortgages making it easier to free up cards of a color group. It also plays eight short tunes when key game functions occur; for example when a player lands on a railroad it plays " I've Been Working on the Railroad ", and a police car's siren sounds when a player goes to Jail.
In , Hasbro released two minigames that can be played as stand-alone games or combined with the Monopoly game. In Get Out of Jail , the goal is to manipulate a spade under a jail cell to flick out various colored prisoners.
The game can be used as an alternative to rolling doubles to get out of jail. The Free Parking add-on can also be used with the Monopoly game. When a player lands on the Free Parking, the player can take the Taxi Challenge, and if successful, can move to any space on the board.
First included in Winning Moves' Monopoly: The Mega Edition variant, this third, six-sided die is rolled with the other two, and accelerates game-play when in use.
Its faces are: 1, 2, 3, two " Mr. Monopoly " sides, and a bus. The numbers behave as normal, adding to the other two dice, unless a "triple" is rolled, in which case the player can move to any space on the board.
If "Mr. Monopoly" is rolled while there are unowned properties, the player advances forward to the nearest one.
Otherwise, the player advances to the nearest property on which rent is owed. In the Monopoly: Mega Edition , rolling the bus allows the player to take the regular dice move, then either take a bus ticket or move to the nearest draw card space.
Mega rules specifies that triples do not count as doubles for going to jail as the player does not roll again. In these editions it remains optional, although use of the Speed Die was made mandatory for use in the U.
Parker Brothers and its licensees have also sold several spin-offs of Monopoly. These are not add-ons, as they do not function as an addition to the Monopoly game, but are simply additional games with the flavor of Monopoly :.
Besides the many variants of the actual game and the Monopoly Junior spin-off released in either video game or computer game formats e.
Monopoly -themed slot machines and lotteries have been produced by WMS Gaming in conjunction with International Game Technology for land-based casinos.
London's Gamesys Group have also developed Monopoly -themed gambling games. There was also a live, online version of Monopoly. Six painted taxis drive around London picking up passengers.
When the taxis reach their final destination, the region of London that they are in is displayed on the online board.
This version takes far longer to play than board-game Monopoly , with one game lasting 24 hours. Results and position are sent to players via e-mail at the conclusion of the game.
Mail Games Inc. The show was produced by Merv Griffin and hosted by Mike Reilly. The show was paired with a summer-long Super Jeopardy!
In addition, beginning with Season 2, teams won "Monopoly Party Packages" for winning the individual games.
For Season 3, there was a Community Chest. Each card on Mr. Monopoly had a combination of three colors. Teams used the combination card to unlock the chest.
If it was the right combination, they advanced to the Crazy Cash Machine for a brand-new car. To honor the game's 80th anniversary, a game show in syndication on March 28, , called Monopoly Millionaires' Club was launched.
However, the lottery game connected with the game show which provided the contestants went through multiple complications and variations, and the game show last aired at the end of April In November , Ridley Scott was announced to direct Universal Pictures ' film version of the game, based on a script written by Pamela Pettler.
The film was being co-produced by Hasbro's Brian Goldner as part of a deal with Hasbro to develop movies based on the company's line of toys and games.
In July , Hasbro announced that Lionsgate will distribute a Monopoly film with Andrew Niccol writing the film as a family-friendly action adventure film  co-financed and produced by Lionsgate and Hasbro's Allspark Pictures.
Hart is attached to star in the film and Tim Story is attached to direct. No logline or writer for this iteration of the long-gestating project has been announced.
The film played theatrically in the U. Until , U. The U. National Tournament had 50 contestants - 49 State Champions Oklahoma was not represented and the reigning national champion.
Qualifying for the National Championship has been online since For the Championship, qualification was limited to the first fifty people who correctly completed an online quiz.
The process was to have produced a field of 23 plus one: Matt McNally , the national champion, who received a bye and was not required to qualify.
However, at the end of the online tournament, there was an eleven-way tie for the last six spots. The decision was made to invite all of those who had tied for said spots.
In fact, two of those who had tied and would have otherwise been eliminated, Dale Crabtree of Indianapolis, Indiana, and Brandon Baker, of Tuscaloosa, Alabama, played in the final game and finished third and fourth respectively.
The Monopoly U. National Championship was held on April 14—15 in Washington, D. In his first tournament ever, Richard Marinaccio, an attorney from Sloan, New York a suburb of Buffalo , prevailed over a field that included two previous champions to be crowned the U.
National Champion. In , Hasbro used a competition that was held solely online to determine who would be the U. Interested players took a twenty-question quiz on Monopoly strategy and rules and submitted a hundred-word essay on how to win a Monopoly tournament.
Hasbro then selected Brian Valentine of Washington, D. Hasbro conducts a worldwide Monopoly tournament. Because Monopoly evolved in the public domain before its commercialization, Monopoly has seen many variant games.
The game is licensed in countries and printed in thirty-seven languages. National boards have been released as well. This world edition features top locations of the world.
The locations were decided by votes over the Internet. The result of the voting was announced on August 20, Out of these, Gdynia is especially notable, as it is by far the smallest city of those featured and won the vote thanks to a spontaneous, large-scale mobilization of support started by its citizens.
The new game uses its own currency unit, the Monopolonian a game-based take on the Euro; designated by M.
The game uses said unit in millions and thousands. As seen below, there is no dark purple color-group, as that is replaced by brown, as in the European version of the game.
No other countries are represented by more than one city. Of the 68 cities listed on Hasbro Inc. This is a game. We never wanted to enter into any political debate.
We apologize to our Monopoly fans. A similar online vote was held in early for an updated version of the game. The resulting board should be released worldwide in late
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